Pilot CWS-R-SAP – v. 1 Current CWS, 6. U.S. Child Welfare System Overview

Pilot Child Welfare System Redesign

Strategic Action Plan

 

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6. The United States Child Welfare System Overview

 

Overview of Children’s Bureau Focus Areas[1]

To achieve its mission of promoting safe and stable families, the Children’s Bureau concentrates its efforts in eight distinct focus areas, including adoption, child abuse and neglect, child welfare, foster care, Child and Family Services Reviews, tribal programs, federal programs, and state programs.

The Children’s Bureau works with states, tribes, and communities to develop programs to assist America’s children and their families and to collect information on child welfare for research and program improvement.

 

Adoption

The Children’s Bureau supports programs, research, and monitoring to help eliminate barriers to adoption and find permanent families for children. It provides funding to states and tribes to help them support families who adopt from foster care and provides additional funds to states that achieve a high number of adoptions of children from foster care. [bolding for emphasis]

 

Child Abuse & Neglect

The Children’s Bureau supports programs, research, and monitoring systems that prevent child abuse and neglect while ensuring that children who are victims receive treatment and care. It provides funding to states and tribes to help them strengthen families and prevent child abuse and neglect. Funding also provides for child abuse and neglect assessment, investigation, prosecution, and treatment activities.

 

Child Welfare Services

The Children’s Bureau supports state and tribal child welfare programs through funding, research, monitoring, and special initiatives to promote positive outcomes for children and families involved in child welfare.

 

Foster Care

Through the title IV-E Foster Care program, the Children’s Bureau supports states (plus the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico) provide board and care payments for eligible children who are under the supervision of the state and placed in foster family homes or childcare institutions that are safe and licensed.

 

Guardianship

The Children’s Bureau provides funding to states and tribes that have been approved to operate a title IV-E Guardianship Assistance program in order to help them support relatives who become legal guardians of children from foster care for whom they previously cared for as foster parents.

 

Tribes

The Children’s Bureau supports tribal child welfare programs through funding, research, monitoring, and special initiatives to promote positive outcomes for tribal children and families involved in child welfare.

 

Child Welfare Services[2]

The Children’s Bureau supports state and tribal child welfare programs through funding, research, monitoring and special initiatives to promote positive outcomes for children and families involved in child welfare. Some of the services provided by the Children’s Bureau include:

 

Child Welfare Programs

  • Stephanie Tubbs Jones Child Welfare Services
  • Child Welfare Waiver Demonstrations
  • Child Welfare Training Program

 

Child Welfare Reporting Systems

  • The Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS)
  • The National Youth in Transition Database (NYTD)
  • The National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (NCANDS)

 

References

[1] Children’s Bureau website, https://www.acf.hhs.gov/cb/focus-areas, accessed 8/4/2020

[2] Children’s Bureau website, page: https://www.acf.hhs.gov/cb/focus-areas/child-welfare-services, accessed 8/4/2020

 

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To submit questions or comments, please email Jo@Jo-Calk.com. I welcome all input, ideas, and suggestions. Thank you for caring for children.

Blessings,

Jo Calk